March-April 2012, Vol 12, Issue 70
Farming to Live
Climate Change and Indian Agriculture, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Over 60 percent of India’s population depend on the agricultural sector which constitutes about 14.3 per cent of India’s gross domestic product, 2010-11, as per the Central Statistics office, new Delhi. despite technological interventions, about two thirds of India’s agricultural area remain rainfed and vulnerable to present day climate variability. The implications of climate change is yet not very clear, although scholars agree that global climate change will lead to greater unpredictability of weather conditions at local levels.
Medicinal Plants and Climate Change, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
More than 19,000 flowering plant species have been identified and catalogued in the Indian flora. Out of these over 6000 plant species have been reported in the Indian systems of medicine..
Climate change & Indian Forests, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
An assessment of the impact of climate change on forest ecosystems in India has been attempted with the forest vulnerability index for India - worked out on the basis of forest canopy density, biodiversity and projected impact of climate change.
PAsian brown clouds, climate change and reduced rice harvests in India, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Apprehensions about climate continue to rise, despite our limited ability to make precise assessments of its impact. This is partially due to the complexity of chemical and physical processes at various scales and also due to confounding factors from other changes such as air pollution.
Urban trees for Combating Climate Change, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
The urban environment of modern India has undergone dramatic changes predominated by concrete structures, congested commercial spaces and incessant traffic. The degeneration of living environment in urban areas has severely disrupted the balance of urban climate as tree cover is eliminated to make way for ‘development’.
Forest Carbon, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Forests are one of the most significant reservoirs of carbon. Various global processes and anthropogenic changes are influencing the process of carbon sequestration leading to interruptions in the carbon flux. Under elevated cO2 conditions a possibility of decomposition occurring more than net primary production leading to a loss of carbon is predicted in the forest regions of India.
Marine fisheries and Climate Change, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Alterations in fishery distribution and productivity is pointing towards ecosystems changes that is an outcome of global warming. the threat to sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture, consequently can interrupt livelihood practices of local communities.
Aquaculture in Sunderban climate change Adaptation, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Climate change impact in the Sunderban ecoregion with rising sea level and accelerated coastal erosion is already evident in the Mousani Island and namkhana, Bermajur and Sandeshkhali Blocks in the Sunderban. This is increasingly disrupting the production processes and the livelihoods of communities. It is thus essential to pave way for sustainable aquaculture practices that may help balance ecological processes and development at the same time.
Agricultural Credit, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Agriculture credit is a loan or extension of credit provided by a bank for agricultural or allied rural use – one of the most crucial inputs for agricultural development.
The Lost Seed, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
With the onslaught of green revolution and now the advent of genetically modified species, traditional seed culture practices are slowly but surely dying-out. India’s vast biodiversity in terms of indigenous agricultural landraces require to be revived to ensure conservation and ultimately food security.
Playing God GM Foods, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Genetic Modification is a process by which dna of an organism can be altered to synthesise a new, usually better or more efficient version of the original organism. The breakthrough in science was initiated particularly in the field of agriculture, to improve crop protection through the use of one of the three basic traits: resistance to insect damage; resistance to viral infections; and tolerance towards herbicides. But, like all new technologies, GM crops also pose certain apprehensions and risks, both known and unknown.
Organic Agriculture: an Indian Perspective, Kirti Jain, Senior Instructional Designer, Education and Learning Aptara Inc.
Organic farming in India is a traditional practice. With the advent of chemical fertilisers, farmers chartered new paths to higher levels of productivity. With the ills of inorganic inputs now apparent, consumers in the global markets have turned towards organic food - yet again asserting its relevance..
Agricultural Calculations Decoded, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
The Indian agricultural scenario is experiencing a series of changes since the green revolution. Here is a brief essay that outlines concepts of how agricultural calculations are undertaken - agricultural productivity and efficiency, crop combination, degree of commercialisation, diffusion of innovation and more, to help comprehend the agricultural scenario with lucidity.
Fertlisers: Assisting Productivity, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
The increased use of chemical fertilisers in India came with the advent of Green Revolution in the 1960s. Introduction of fertilisers helped greatly to increase the food production in the country in a time when the agricultural sector was failing - as a repercussion to natural disasters. However, the continuum of the large scale usage is raising concerns about judiciousness and efficacy of chemical fertilisers in the present context.
Data You Can Use, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
Ranking of States for select Crops according to Production and yield.
Rinchenpong Beauty and its People, Sumit Chakraborty, Freelance writer and photographer.
A sleepy town in West Sikkim that is an epitome of rich heritage, natural beauty and culture - heaven on earth. Situated at about an altitude of 5580ft rinchenpong is a fairly new but must go tourist destination.
Down the Ages excavation sites in Chhattisgarh, Staff Reporter, Iris Publication, New Delhi.
The State is taking a keen initiative to explore and excavate sites that hold historical importance and at the same time Chhattisgarh is practising conservation and preservation of several sites with valuable historical credentials.