Pterygoplichthys or commonly known as Janitor fish or sailfin armoured catfish and popular in India as suckerfish have severely invaded inland water bodies in India.
With maximum sustainable yield in capture fisheries achieved, technological innovations to increase yields seem imperative. In a recent breakthrough cages that can withstand turbulent seas have been developed and tested successfully by the NIOT.
With a coastline of 8,118 km, India harbours a huge potential for its aquaculture and fisheries industry and is already a major supplier and producer of fish in the world. As per National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), India is ranked third in fish production and second in aquaculture in the world. Fisheries contribute 1.07 per cent of the total GDP of the country, which is also 5.15 per cent of the GDP of agriculture, forestry and fishing at current prices. As per the draft, the Policy...
The new species will be an addition to Cyprinidae, the largest family of fish that encompasses other common fishes like the gold fish and the common carp.
With maximum sustainable yield in capture fisheries achieved, technological innovations to increase yields seem imperative. In a recent breakthrough cages that can withstand turbulent seas have been developed by National Institute of Ocean Technology. The organisation is also involving the fisher community of Olaikuda for a large scale culture.
An overview The fisheries sector contributed Rs 67913 crores to the gross domestic product (GDP at current prices) during 2009-2010, amounting to 0.96 per cent of India’s total GDP (MoSPI, 2011). The share of fisheries sector in the total GDP at factor cost in current prices increased from 0.40 per cent in 1950-51 to 0.96 per cent in 2009-10, recording an increase of 140 per cent (Fig 1). The fisheries sector has also been one of the major contributors of foreign exchange earnings. During 2010-11,...
Hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha, is commercial fish in the Indo-Pacific region supporting the livelihood of millions of people. The most productive fishing ground for hilsa is the Padma-Meghana-Jamuna delta which drains in the Bay of Bengal—the highest landing of hilsa in the world being from Bangladesh. Like Atlantic Salmon, hilsa is an anadromous fish migrating over 1000 km into the freshwater zone, where they are born, for breeding. The young ones migrate back to the sea and remain there till they attain...
Wild Shrimp Seed Collection in Hoogly Estuary, West Bengal
Impacts, vulnerability and resilience of fisheries sector to climate change in India
Fisheries provide employment to 14 million fishers—but today the highly dispersed and unorganised sector is calling out for appropriate tools to create good database to enable better planning. It is envisaged that the national policy on inland fisheries should strike a balance between aquaculture and various enhancement practices to achieve higher fish productivity, environmental sustainability and social equity.