Crops | VOL. 15, ISSUE 94 January-February 2016 |

Agricultural Biotechnologies

Application of biotechnology in Indian agriculture gained prominence with the cultivation of transgenic BT cotton crop in 2002. Since then, India has taken the lead in exploring the potential of biotechnology on various fronts. The biotechnology programme in agriculture includes molecular mapping of genes of important plants, marker genes for selection of quality traits, development of transgenic crops, tissue culture for plant propagation, bio-fertilisers, bio-pesticides, vermicomposting, biodegradation of wastes and toxic substances and mushroom production. With regard to transgenic crops,...

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