By Ashutosh Tripathi, D K Tripathi, D K Chauhan and G S Singh
Authors are Research Associate, DD Pant Interdisciplinary Research Laboratory, Dept. of Botany, University of Allahabad; Post-Doctoral Fellow, Center of Advanced Study in Botany, BHU, Varanasi; Professor, DD Pant IRL, Dept. of Botany, University of Allahabad; and Professor, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development, BHU, Varanasi respectively. firstname.lastname@example.org
Changing climate has impacted several traditional crops in India which have ecological, nutritional and economic benefits. There is an urgent need for technological and financial initiatives to prevent the ultimate disappearance of these crops.
The warming of the earth’s climate system since the last five decades has brought in ominous changes all over the world. Extreme weather events (cold and heat waves, floods and droughts) are becoming frequent occurrences globally, and cold days and nights are reducing against the increasing number of warm days and nights (IPCC, 2014). Such conditions affect plant systems and their life cycles, crop growth and development, thereby reducing the quality or quantity of crop plants (Tripathi et al., 2016). Studies have indicated that a 1oC increase in global temperature will lead to reduced productivity in cultivated plants (Lobell et al., 2013). Though there are some positive impacts of increasing carbon dioxide concentration in carbon fixation process in plants, the resultant increase in temperature negate this and affect the production and quality of many crops especially the traditional or climate-adapted food crops (Ludwig & Asseng, 2010; Tripathi & Singh, 2013)....