By V V Sugunan
The author is former Assistant Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. email@example.com
Fisheries provide employment to 14 million fishers—but today the highly dispersed and unorganised sector is calling out for appropriate tools to create good database to enable better planning. It is envisaged that the national policy on inland fisheries should strike a balance between aquaculture and various enhancement practices to achieve higher fish productivity, environmental sustainability and social equity.
The upland reaches of India are bestowed with vast and varied water resources and rich piscine diversity—258 species belonging to 21 families and 76 genera. Out of these, more than 255 species are recorded from North East Himalayas, 302 from the West and Central Himalayas and 91 from the Deccan plateau. These resources are under constant pressure from various anthropogenic stresses and incremental changes in climatic conditions would be detrimental for the rich fish germplasm resources and fishery. The Himalaya...