Agriculture # Policy

A Critical Review of the Green Revolution in India

The Green Revolution in India began in the mid-1960s marking a transition from traditional agriculture in India and the introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds and the associated agricultural techniques. The need for introducing the Green Revolution in India arose due to a shortage of food-grains in part due to the legacy of colonial regime. The government of India post-independence wanted to make India self-dependent in terms of food-grain production and these efforts coincided with the development...


Mutation Breeding for Crop Improvement

Crop improvement programmes through induced mutations were initiated nine decades ago. Nearly 3250 mutant varieties belonging to about 175 plant species have been developed and released. India has made a significant contribution in crop improvement through mutation breeding.


Flood-Prone Areas | Requisites for a Coordinated Response

Flood prone areas of India The tragedy of the monsoons is often floods and landslides -- 2017 was no different. The Government of India claims that by July 28, 2017, a period by when the monsoons had made their onset over most of India, about 600 deaths have occurred across the country due to floods and landslides. The government made this announcement during the declaration of compensation to the tune INR 500 crores for flood victims in Gujarat, where heavy showers and subsequent flooding claimed...

Agriculture Bytes

Land Degradation Over More than a Quarter of Indias Area

Article 1 of the UN Convention to combat desertification defines land degradation as a “reduction or loss in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rain-fed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest and woodlands resulting from land uses or from a process or combination of processes, including processes arising from human activities and habitation patterns, such as: (i) soil erosion caused by wind and / or water; (ii)...


Moving Towards Food Security in Developing Nations such as India

What is food security? Food security is the ability to assure at all times the physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets the population's dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. The basic elements of food security are food availability, food accessibility and food adequacy. Food availability comprises total food production and total food import. Food accessibility encompasses both economic and physical accessibility and affordability...


Organic Cultivation- A Boon for Small Farmers

Organic cultivation is a form of farming that does not introduce any synthetic elements into crop habitats. All the inputs utilized in this form of cultivation are organic i.e. elements that form part of biochemical inputs that are utilized by crop plants. As such it can be said to be a form of farming based on a symbiosis between humans and nature. Organic farming uses natural processes as the model...


Farmer’s Incomes and Agrarian Crisis

A strong trend towards agricultural diversification from food to commercial crops and from enterprise to allied activities is emerging. This shift is driven by both, state policies and the domestic market and has a bearing upon small and marginal landholders.


Farming and the Diffusion of Markets for Food

Tracing changes with new start-ups in the production and retail segments of the value chain, the article analyses diffusion and impacts of organised retailing on farming community and outlines policy implications.

Agriculture # Policy

Agro n Social Forestry: A Modern Look at a Traditional Practice

Agro n social forestry have been traditionally practiced in India. Policy inclusion of agro n social forestry have not however brought in desired results. The essay examines how agro n social forestry can be revisited and norms revised to make it more sustainable and meaningful. Agroforestry Agroforestry is the cultivation of trees and shrubs as crops or for animal rearing with a view towards the environment, their utility or other social benefits. It can include either farmland or forest farming,...

Agriculture # Agriculture Bytes

Water Retention in Soil: Characteristics and Treatment

Water retention in soil can be understood as the water retained by the soil after it runs through the soil pores to join water bodies such as groundwater or surface streams. Pores in the soil can be defined as the air-spaces that exist in between soil particles. Water retention is mainly dependant on the particle size of the soil. The finer the soil particles, the higher the chance that water molecules shall hold on to soil particles, such as in clay, as opposed to sandy soil, that has large and coarse...