Agriculture # Policy

A Critical Review of the Green Revolution in India

The Green Revolution in India began in the mid-1960s marking a transition from traditional agriculture in India and the introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds and the associated agricultural techniques. The need for introducing the Green Revolution in India arose due to a shortage of food-grains in part due to the legacy of colonial regime. The government of India post-independence wanted to make India self-dependent in terms of food-grain production and these efforts coincided with the development...


Moving Towards Food Security in Developing Nations such as India

What is food security? Food security is the ability to assure at all times the physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets the population’s dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. The basic elements of food security are food availability, food accessibility and food adequacy. Food availability comprises total food production and total food import. Food accessibility encompasses both economic and physical accessibility...

Agriculture # Policy

Agro n Social Forestry: A Modern Look at a Traditional Practice

Agro n social forestry have been traditionally practiced in India. Policy inclusion of agro n social forestry have not however brought in desired results. The essay examines how agro n social forestry can be revisited and norms revised to make it more sustainable and meaningful. Agroforestry Agroforestry is the cultivation of trees and shrubs as crops or for animal rearing with a view towards the environment, their utility or other social benefits. It can include either farmland or forest farming,...


Diversifying India’s Food Basket: NBA outlines the critical role of biodiversity

Our food basket is increasingly being confined to a few select crops and cereals. Yet, our nation is endowed with a huge variety - a rich biodiversity, which provides of a complex stock of animals, plant and micro-organisms at genetic, species and eco-system levels. India needs to look beyond performance and diversify with biodiversity as the as a key functionary of the agro-ecosystem. Policies are thus urgently needed to promote a robust and sustainable agro-process through the biodiversity route.

Agriculture # Policy

Parliamentary Committee recommends for a National Policy on Forest Fires

The Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science & Technology, Environment & Forests, under the Chairpersonship of Renuka Chowdhury, Member of Parliament presented its Two Hundred and Ninety-third Report on ‘Forest Fires and its Effect on Environment, Forests, Bio-diversity and Wildlife and remedial/preventive measures’ to both the Houses of Parliament on December 16, 2016. Uncontrollable and devastating forest fires ravaged the Himalayan states of Uttarakhand, Himachal...


Modern Day Relevance of von Thünen

September 26, 2016 Who was he? As the name suggests, Johann Heinrich von Thünen was a German, who acquired a large agricultural estate, Tellow, in 1810. If you try to locate this on the map you will find it close to the town of Rostok, in Macklenburg, on the Baltic coast of erstwhile East Germany. He successfully managed his estate for forty long years, till he passed away in 1850. What did he do? During the forty years of his lifetime, he consulted a mass of minutely documented data on input...

Policy | VOL. 16, ISSUE 97

Agromet services to enhance crop production in India

The IMD’s agromet services for farmers are proving to be extremely useful to fight the threat of increasingly frequent climate uncertainties, and helping farmers hold out against extreme temperatures that can cause large-scale crop loss.

Fisheries # Policy

New National Policy on Marine Fisheries: Reviewing changes

With a coastline of 8,118 km, India harbours a huge potential for its aquaculture and fisheries industry and is already a major supplier and producer of fish in the world. As per National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), India is ranked third in fish production and second in aquaculture in the world. Fisheries contribute 1.07 per cent of the total GDP of the country, which is also 5.15 per cent of the GDP of agriculture, forestry and fishing at current prices. As per the draft, the Policy...

Policy | VOL. 15, ISSUE 88, January-February 2015

Land Acquisition Policy in India

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency LARR Act introduced a mandatory social impact assessment to correct the historical injustices. The ordinance by the current government overturns this clause.

Policy | VOL. 13, ISSUE 80, SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2013

Fertiliser Pricing and Subsidy Policy in India

Fertiliser was brought under Fertiliser Control Order (FCO) in 1957 to regulate its sale, price and quality. Various committees have been formed over the years to fulfill the objective of ensuring adequate quantity of fertilisers at fair prices to the farmers. Retention Pricing Scheme (RPS) implemented from 1977 led to a phenomenal increase in domestic production and consumption of fertilisers. But the subsidy bill kept on increasing significantly due to the rise in cost without corresponding rise in retail price. The fertiliser sector remained under government control for a long period and the cost plus approach with stringent regulations and procedures did not encourage any investment in the sector since the beginning of the 2000 decade. The fertiliser industry had hardly any scope to promote innovative products for balanced fertiliser usage. This sector needs concerted reforms. Yes, some reforms have been implemented but only partially. As a reform measure, nutrient based subsidy (NBS) on phosphorus and potassium (P and K) fertilisers was implemented from April 2010, but urea was left out. Urea price being artificially low, led to an imbalance in price ratio and consequently nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) use ratio. NBS has, however fulfilled many other objectives, including addressing fiscal issues and adequate availability of fertiliser. The objective of NBS will be fully realised when urea will be brought under the NBS policy which will lead towards the ultimate deregulation of the fertiliser sector.