Systems for the Classification of Natural Vegetation

As far as the classification of natural vegetation is concerned, it has been a constantly evolving field over the years. The classification of natural vegetation helps in forming an inventory of local vegetation and its monitoring. Classifying natural vegetation also assists in the management of programmes for natural conservation, managing land and natural resource use and in documenting individual species. Many a time, endangered habitats can be identified while classifying natural vegetation. The...


Biodiversity in India

The United Nations’ (UN) Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) defines biodiversity or ‘biological diversity’ as “the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems” (UN, 2018). Dr. C. R. Babu, a senior Environmental Scientist at Delhi University, defines biodiversity as, “All...


Biodiversity as Conservation | Threats & Conservation Efforts

Thomas Lovejoy in 1980 coined the term ‘Biological Diversity’ which was later modified by E. O. Wilson in 1986 who coined the term ‘Biodiversity’ in his report for the first American Forum on Biological Diversity. As a term intimately related to environmental and wildlife conservation, although the popularity of the term has increased dramatically since then in the West, especially in the scientific community in the West as well as globally, biodiversity as conservation is still not an everyday...


Climate Change and Antarctic Biodiversity

Not being residentially inhabited by human populations and instead being a place where largely scientific research is the mainstay, one would expect Antarctic biodiversity to be more protected than biodiversity in other, more populated regions of the world. However, this may not be the case for Antarctic biodiversity. The Status of Antarctic Biodiversity A study published in 2017 in the journal PLOS Biology by a team led by Steven L. Chown and scientists from Monash University, Australia has brought...

Ecology # English Free Article

Concept counter | Understanding ecosystem services and ecological niche

Demystifying ecosystem services Food chains in ecosystems exist in the form of food pyramids. Although a food chain might not always be a linear chain of progression and can alternatively be called a food web. However, according to certain defining characteristics, certain levels of production and consumption can be differentiated in a food chain. These are called trophic levels, which can be defined as the feeding levels in a food chain or web in an ecological community. Trophic Levels Fig:...

Climate Change # Ecology # English Free Article

Congress Grass: Biological Invader of Non Cropped Areas

Congress grass scientifically known as Parthenium Hysterophorus, a native of West Indies and Tropical America, has established itself all over India


Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot in Danger?

Home to a large number of endemic flora and fauna the Western Ghats is unique in many ways. However, climate change, overexploitation, and deforestation are playing havoc with its biodiversity.

Ecology # Magazine Articles

Sundarban: Confrontation to Conservation

Human-animal conflict is often triggered by poverty and the need to access resources for survival. Such confrontation can be prevented by bringing in livelihood projects that help human population, and prevent them entering areas earmarked for wildlife.

Ecology # Magazine Articles

The Himalaya: Biodiversity Threats

It is easy to arrest a decline in Himalayan biodiversity, provided local communities are involved in the process. Efforts in the Himalayan region prove this beyond


Documenting India’s Marine Biodiversity

As per available data, there are 21,663 marine species in India, of which, 20,444 are faunal communities. However, in the absence of adequate documentation, the exact numbers are uncertain, and so is the status of India’s marine biodiversity.