The total forest cover of the country as per the 2007 assessment of State of Forest Report is 78.37 million hectares which constitutes 23.84 per cent of the geographic area of India.
Over the last two decades, sustainable management of forests have reversed deforestation and have transformed India’s forests into a significant net sink of carbon dioxide.
With less than 4 percent of the earth protected, and more and more of the world’s biomes being damaged or disappearing, it is essential that what remains is conserved.
Land use changes related to agriculture and other developmental activities along with intensive harvesting of non timber forest products have led to loss of forests, grasslands and biodiversity in the Western Ghats. Although some of these activities contribute significantly to local household incomes, non sustainable resource extraction can be deleterious.
The resistance of a heathy mangrove wall is known to even stand the fury of cyclones and tsunamis.
The total forest cover of the country as per the 2005 assessment of State of Forest Report is 677,088 km2 which constitutes 20.6 percent of the geographic area of India.