Disaster phases are not linear. They may overlap and even occur simultaneously. The complexities in disaster phases are attributed to the social, cultural, economic, political forces influencing the web of flow— and disaster risk management needs to consider moving beyond conventional notions of phases.
The definition of disaster has been continuously changing due to the vulnerabilities and risks attached to it. However, despite being defined as natural, disasters tend to have political, cultural, economic and social impacts as well.
Natural disasters in India are frequent and common. Around 85 per cent of the geographical area in India is vulnerable to natural disasters. Schools get affected every year in these areas. This article has made an attempt to explain how children in disaster prone areas lose access to schooling.
There is an urgent need for a shift from a risk mitigation cum relief-centric approach in disaster management. The panchayat is uniquely equipped to deal with disasters on a sustainable basis.
Tropical cyclones (TC) in the northern Indian Ocean (NIO) have several prominent characteristics as compared to storms in other ocean basins of the world, especially in their genesis, structure, disaster and impact. TCs in the NIO show peak periods twice in a year, never demonstrate extra-tropical transition (ET), and result in higher storm surges than anywhere else in the world.
Increased practical and theoretical awareness of disasters, as well as structural changes and hazard mitigation are critical steps in making a school safe. Campaigns towards this will save young lives and sow the seeds of change for more resilient communities.
A culture of disaster safety is yet to be inculcated in our country. Disaster risk reduction however can become a reality if introduced in institutions like schools and colleges.