The mechanism of an earthquake is very complex. The resultant liquefaction of soil is one of the prime causes of immense damage to life and property and has been discussed in the essay.
The utility of disaster insurance, a relatively new concept for India, is still being debated. This insurance would perhaps be useful only if a foundation is laid for a social and physical disaster mitigation infrastructure.
Being prepared for disasters before they strike entails ensuring that the rescue teams have the necessary equipment, know where to take people from the affected area and, most importantly, how to keep themselves safe so that the rescue operation continues. By implementing geospatial techniques, emergency preparedness and response phase operations can be customised, and ready to use scenarios can be created to provide information on how to alert, prepare and train volunteers for emergencies.
Coastal populations, especially those of the east coast of India, are prone to frequent cyclonic calamities. Women’s participation in distribution, rebuilding, management and all other aspects of disaster is imperative for fostering responsive and sensitive partners who can mitigate the vulnerability status.
With the global increase in frequency and intensity of disasters, the need to address diverse challenges in the field of disaster research and practice requires a perspective beyond the current hazard-centric one. The paper points to significance of structural, social, and political processes that define the relationship between communities, ecosystems and technologies in disaster research.
Flood hazard studies need process based approaches, as traditional flood control measures have largely failed in India.
The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) on 11 March 2011 warned that a 3-m-plus tsunami would hit north-eastern Japan. In fact, the wave that came ashore stood more than 10 m high — reaching 40 m in some places.
In the recent past escalating extreme weather events are causing concern in the different sectors of the Indian economy, especially agriculture. Weather and climate information plays a significant role in minimising crop losses and the India Meteorological Department (IMD) is dedicatedly providing advance information and advisories to the farming community.