A tropical cyclone (TC) causes three types of adverse weather conditions, heavy rain; gale winds; and, storm surge on landfall. The monitoring and forecasting of heavy rainfall due to TC is analysed here.
Forecasting deals with the prediction of genesis, location/track and intensity of a tropical cyclone. It also aims at predicting associated adverse weather such as heavy rains, gales, high waves, storm surges and coastal inundation.
High waves and coastal inundation due to tropical cyclones cause heavy loss of life and property. Hence, precise prediction and warning is of extreme significance. The forecast services played a major role in preventing losses when cyclone Phailin made landfall in 2013.
The mechanism of an earthquake is very complex. The resultant liquefaction of soil is one of the prime causes of immense damage to life and property and has been discussed in the essay.
The utility of disaster insurance, a relatively new concept for India, is still being debated. This insurance would perhaps be useful only if a foundation is laid for a social and physical disaster mitigation infrastructure.
Being prepared for disasters before they strike entails ensuring that the rescue teams have the necessary equipment, know where to take people from the affected area and, most importantly, how to keep themselves safe so that the rescue operation continues. By implementing geospatial techniques, emergency preparedness and response phase operations can be customised, and ready to use scenarios can be created to provide information on how to alert, prepare and train volunteers for emergencies.
Coastal populations, especially those of the east coast of India, are prone to frequent cyclonic calamities. Women’s participation in distribution, rebuilding, management and all other aspects of disaster is imperative for fostering responsive and sensitive partners who can mitigate the vulnerability status.
With the global increase in frequency and intensity of disasters, the need to address diverse challenges in the field of disaster research and practice requires a perspective beyond the current hazard-centric one. The paper points to significance of structural, social, and political processes that define the relationship between communities, ecosystems and technologies in disaster research.