Development # Economy

A Comparative Study of Funding for Science in India

Although budgetary allocations have increased through the years, the overall share of research and development in India’s GDP has been hovering around 0.7 per cent on an average over the last few years.

Development

The Need for Cities in Regional Planning & Development in India

In the post-independence period, Indian cities had remained auxiliary to the concerns of balanced regional development. The city as a territorial unit in regional planning and development had largely not been the focus; the urban was neglected in favour of the rural by most national leaders at the time (Batra, 2009). With the recent introduction of smart cities, it can be seen that they are being thought of more comprehensively as planning units in order to build sustainability. The Need for Cities...

Development

Regional Disparities in India since Independence

During the British period in India, the policy orientation of the government in India was more so to protect the British economy than to look after the welfare of people in India, with law & order, tax collection and defence being the primary objectives. Although British modernized India with rail tracks, education, etc, the indigenous industry was largely ignored, producing a period of stagnation for India’s traditional economy. With no great increase in output or productivity, regional disparities...

Development # Economy

Has the Environment Retarded the Development Process

Although the development process is fuelled by the extraction of natural resources, environmental conservation and the development process, in particular economic development are frequently in opposition to each other. This led eventually to the Earth Summit in 1992 convened by the United Nations (UN) where the idea of sustainable development, or development that meets economic needs while conserving the environment, was promoted in the discussions. However, sustainable development in the present...

Development

Environmental Funding | Budget 2018

Environmental funding in India would do well to heed the cautions of the Economic Survey. India performs among the bottom five countries in the Environmental Protection Index 2018 – a quantification of the environmental performance of a state’s policies – published by Yale and Columbia Universities along with the World Economic Forum. Its overall ranking of 177 out of 180 countries is particularly linked to its performance in environmental health policy and deaths due to air pollution. The Institute...

Development

The Exclusive Economic Zone of the Seas around India

Following the enforcement of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1994 a new form of national economic jurisdiction was established globally to the seas extending 200 nautical miles from the coasts of sovereign states. Article 55 of the document defines the legal regime of the Exclusive Economic Zone. The article defines an area marked as an Exclusive Economic Zone (or EEZ) as – “The exclusive economic zone is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, subject...

Development

Sustainable Ecotourism in India and Pedagogy in Policy

Ecotourism as a term first emerged during the late 1980s with growing global concern for sustainable practices with regard to ecologies extending towards minimizing the degenerative results of tourism on the environment. Ecotourism thus essentially has come to imply responsible travel practices when exploring natural conditions such that travel practices are conducted with a view towards environmental conservation, environmental sustainability and the welfare of local communities. This involves generating...

Development

Does India Require Counter Urbanization

Urbanization is one of the most common global phenomena in the world, and is said to occur in many phases. In the overwhelming majority of cases, urban lifestyles and infrastructure has spread to encompass most human settlements. It is very rare that the opposite occurs, and rural lifestyles and infrastructure spread and influence human settlement patterns. However, within the urbanization process, sometimes, and very rarely, there is a sizeable movement of human occupation away from the core of urban...

Development

Economics in Environmental Sustainability

The Brundtland Commission in its report titled Our Common Future in 1987 defined the concept of sustainable development as development addressed towards the needs of the future as well as towards the needs of the present policy architecture. The Brundtland Commission was shortly dissolved at the end of the same year. However, how can we have sustainable development given the rapid rate at which we are consuming the Earth’s resources? How is Development Sustainable? This definition in what...

Development # NRDMS

Spatial Data a Boon for Decision-making Development

Sitting on his computer, the district education officer in Karnataka’s Gulbarga district finds out which schools need an upgrade in toilet and education facilities. He also is aware of the institutions which need additional classrooms, so that he can quickly draft a proposal once funds are sanctioned for infrastructure improvement. While assessing the need for new police stations in Shimoga city municipality, the superintendent of police analyses the crime data, population density and socio-economic...