The Exclusive Economic Zone of the Seas around India

Following the enforcement of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1994 a new form of national economic jurisdiction was established globally to the seas extending 200 nautical miles from the coasts of sovereign states. Article 55 of the document defines the legal regime of the Exclusive Economic Zone. The article defines an area marked as an Exclusive Economic Zone (or EEZ) as – “The exclusive economic zone is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, subject...


Sustainable Ecotourism in India and Pedagogy in Policy

Ecotourism as a term first emerged during the late 1980s with growing global concern for sustainable practices with regard to ecologies extending towards minimizing the degenerative results of tourism on the environment. Ecotourism thus essentially has come to imply responsible travel practices when exploring natural conditions such that travel practices are conducted with a view towards environmental conservation, environmental sustainability and the welfare of local communities. This involves generating...


Does India Require Counter Urbanization

Urbanization is one of the most common global phenomena in the world, and is said to occur in many phases. In the overwhelming majority of cases, urban lifestyles and infrastructure has spread to encompass most human settlements. It is very rare that the opposite occurs, and rural lifestyles and infrastructure spread and influence human settlement patterns. However, within the urbanization process, sometimes, and very rarely, there is a sizeable movement of human occupation away from the core of urban...


Economics in Environmental Sustainability

The Brundtland Commission in its report titled Our Common Future in 1987 defined the concept of sustainable development as development addressed towards the needs of the future as well as towards the needs of the present policy architecture. The Brundtland Commission was shortly dissolved at the end of the same year. However, how can we have sustainable development given the rapid rate at which we are consuming the Earth’s resources? How is Development Sustainable? This definition in what...

Development # NRDMS

Spatial Data a Boon for Decision-making Development

Sitting on his computer, the district education officer in Karnataka’s Gulbarga district finds out which schools need an upgrade in toilet and education facilities. He also is aware of the institutions which need additional classrooms, so that he can quickly draft a proposal once funds are sanctioned for infrastructure improvement. While assessing the need for new police stations in Shimoga city municipality, the superintendent of police analyses the crime data, population density and socio-economic...

Magazine Articles # Renewable Energy

Skill India imperatives for economic growth

There is rising unemployment in India, which does not bode well for the future. With a major chunk of population in the young cohort, the challenges in the current system of skill development need to be revisited.

Renewable Energy

Solar Mission Reviewing the Targets

The highly ambitious National Solar Mission has only five more years to complete its target of 100 GW power generation capacity. Not only is its completion eagerly awaited, but more crucial would be to see whether the Mission would be able to cover the mass populace that has been left out of the conventional power grid scenario till now.

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy and Sustainable Buildings

With increasing urban population, the building sector would be one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. A possible policy solution could be promotion of smart cities and sustainability in terms of energy requirements and environment protection.


The Nuclear Power Programme of India

Nuclear Power Capable of Mitigating India's Energy Crisis  Unless India moves towards sustainable and long-term energy sources, policy-makers see India facing a energy crisis in the future. In this nuclear energy emerges as an immediate and relatively sustainable solution to an impending energy crisis. A successful organization of any nuclear power programme is hinged on an efficient strategy for nuclear waste management, and after 2009, India gained full sanction for being a part of the global...


What Determines Voting Behaviour in India

There are three schools of thought that dominate analyses of voting behaviour – the sociological school, the psychosocial school and thought based on rational choice theory, which de facto represents the economic school. The sociological model of voting behaviour focuses on the influence of social factors, while the psychosocial model studies the behaviour of voters based on their party affiliations, and the rational choice model utilizes variables affecting choice such as rationality, information and...