The Ministry of Earth Sciences established National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) to serve as its technical arm for taking up technology development and demonstration projects in major areas of ocean energy, a reliable and commercially viable multi-functional system for the extraction of energy from sea water. Gas hydrate exploration amounts to one of its prominent achievements.
The oceans and the land beneath them could provide all the energy the world needs for years to come. As new technologies are being developed ocean resources are shaping up to meet our increasing energy needs.
Globally, India ranks fourth in the production of power through biomass as it has a large biomass resource base. Rural regions of the country have been traditionally heavily dependent on biomass fuels and today, it is widely reiterated that the potential for village development lies in the efficient exploitation of this resource.
Reducing atmospheric greenhouse gases, while increasing economic wealth is only achievable with an intelligent mix of all available energy sources.
In an ecological zone that is prone to climate change disasters, protection and conservation should be encouraged - rather Sundarban has turned into a renewable hotbed where every conceivable renewable energy experiments are undertaken at the risk of destroying more of whatever little is left.