Fiscal decentralization can be meaningful only when the panchayat has adequate untied funds to provide the public services assigned to them. Presently, the sources of revenues for the panchayat are inadequate. Reforms are needed to empower the panchayat by augmenting its revenues.
The 68th round of National Sample Survey (2012) indicates that though the economic growth is pushing up income and consumption levels of the average Indian faster than before, income disparity is getting sharper, especially in rural India. Also, the share of food expenditure in household consumption has declined since 1993-1994, with a simultaneous decline in calorie intake.
Climate change impact in the Sunderban ecoregion with rising sea level and accelerated coastal erosion is already evident in the Mousani Island and Namkhana, Bermajur and Sandeshkhali Blocks in the Sunderban. This is increasingly disrupting the production processes and the livelihoods of communities. It is thus essential to pave way for sustainable aquaculture practices that may help balance ecological processes and development at the same time.
Bioculturalism is the acknowledgement that biological diversity is linked with cultural diversity in knowledges, languages and practice, and that sustaining both is necessary for ecological and cultural well being. It is an emerging term and concept that marks a radical step to bring varied cultural values explicitly into debate and practice regarding nature conservation.
Nestled amidst the mountain ranges of Mekal, Sihava and Ramgiri and watered by numerous rivers - Mahanadi, Shivnath, Indravati, Hasdo and Kharun – Chhattisgarh owns an ancient cultural heritage that begins from the Stone Age.
The magnificent railings and gateways of the stupa at Bharhut in Madhya Pradesh constitute a visual store house for the reconstruction of history of contemporary period and embody the spirit of our culture - continuity in diversity.
Among the three variations of the martial dance form, Purulia Chhau has a distinctive ethos. Traditionally performed to celebrate the sun festival, year long cultural extravaganzas today provide a wide canvas for its dissemination. Thematic content in Purulia Chhau is drawn from epical stories and the mask is the most characteristic part of the dance.
Of India’s more than one billion people, about 68 per cent are directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture even today. Despite rapid technological interventions, about two thirds of India’s agricultural area remain rainfed and vulnerable to present day climate variability. The implications of climate change are yet not very clear, although scholars agree that global climate change will lead to greater unpredictability of weather conditions at local levels. This warrants serious deliberations on implications of climate change for agriculture in general and rural livelihoods in particular.