Livelihoods | VOL. 14, ISSUE 87, November-December 2014

Panchayat Revenues and Fiscal Decentralization

Fiscal decentralization can be meaningful only when the panchayat has adequate untied funds to provide the public services assigned to them. Presently, the sources of revenues for the panchayat are inadequate. Reforms are needed to empower the panchayat by augmenting its revenues.

Livelihoods | VOL. 14, ISSUE 87, November-December 2014

Gram Sabha and Social Audit

The financial year 2009-2010 was declared the ‘year of the gram sabha’ to help focus on this vital subject. But, the concept is yet to become meaningful. Attendance remains poor and quora are lacking. Marginalized communities are particularly handicapped as attending meetings involves covering long distances.

Livelihoods | VOL. 14, ISSUE 85, July-August 2014

Trends in Household Consumption

The 68th round of National Sample Survey (2012) indicates that though the economic growth is pushing up income and consumption levels of the average Indian faster than before, income disparity is getting sharper, especially in rural India. Also, the share of food expenditure in household consumption has declined since 1993-1994, with a simultaneous decline in calorie intake.

Livelihoods | VOL. 12, ISSUE 75, November-December 2012

Livelihood and Changing Social Values in Lakshadweep

Field based studies carried out in Lakshadweep for over two decades examine the islanders’ dependence on coral reefs. Data reveal that mainstream influences are leading to significant changes in cultural norms with evidences of a break down of the traditional matrilineal society.

Livelihoods | VOL. 12, ISSUE 71, March-April 2012

Aquaculture In Sunderban: Climate Change Adaptation

Climate change impact in the Sunderban ecoregion with rising sea level and accelerated coastal erosion is already evident in the Mousani Island and Namkhana, Bermajur and Sandeshkhali Blocks in the Sunderban. This is increasingly disrupting the production processes and the livelihoods of communities. It is thus essential to pave way for sustainable aquaculture practices that may help balance ecological processes and development at the same time.

Livelihoods | VOL. 11, ISSUE 65, March-April 2011

On Bioculturalism, Shamanism and Unlearning the Creed of Growth

Bioculturalism is the acknowledgement that biological diversity is linked with cultural diversity in knowledges, languages and practice, and that sustaining both is necessary for ecological and cultural well being. It is an emerging term and concept that marks a radical step to bring varied cultural values explicitly into debate and practice regarding nature conservation.

Livelihoods | VOL. 9, ISSUE 52, January-February 2009

Crafting Anecdotes

Nestled amidst the mountain ranges of Mekal, Sihava and Ramgiri and watered by numerous rivers - Mahanadi, Shivnath, Indravati, Hasdo and Kharun – Chhattisgarh owns an ancient cultural heritage that begins from the Stone Age.

Life # Livelihoods | VOL. 11, ISSUE 64, January-February 2011


The magnificent railings and gateways of the stupa at Bharhut in Madhya Pradesh constitute a visual store house for the reconstruction of history of contemporary period and embody the spirit of our culture - continuity in diversity.

Livelihoods | VOL. 10, ISSUE 63, November-December 2010

The Chhau Dance of Purulia

Among the three variations of the martial dance form, Purulia Chhau has a distinctive ethos. Traditionally performed to celebrate the sun festival, year long cultural extravaganzas today provide a wide canvas for its dissemination. Thematic content in Purulia Chhau is drawn from epical stories and the mask is the most characteristic part of the dance.

Livelihoods | VOL. 9, ISSUE 53, March-April 2009

Climate Change and Indian Agriculture

Of India’s more than one billion people, about 68 per cent are directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture even today. Despite rapid technological interventions, about two thirds of India’s agricultural area remain rainfed and vulnerable to present day climate variability. The implications of climate change are yet not very clear, although scholars agree that global climate change will lead to greater unpredictability of weather conditions at local levels. This warrants serious deliberations on implications of climate change for agriculture in general and rural livelihoods in particular.