The Geographical Distribution of Tribes in India

The variations in Indian tribes can be incredibly intimate and complex. As such it is not possible to accurately classify them into different groups based solely on cultural characteristics. However, considering that numerous tribes in India are essentially non-nomadic in nature, many tribes take residence in forest areas or clusters in villages in the vicinity of forests. As such, regional groupings or more precisely, zonal classifications can be attempted based on the geographical distribution...

Gender Justice

Women’s Activism Theme for World Women’s Day 2018

The United Nations (UN) has marked the theme for Women’s Day 2018 (March 8th) as their activism in all settings with a focus on the women in rural settings (UN, 2018). The theme comes in the backdrop of the visibility of women’s activism becoming more accessible to people globally especially the visibility of their activism in cases of sexual violence, the gender pay gap and so on. Women’s activism is not new. According to Ramachandra Guha (Hindustan Times, 2018), in developing his tactics...


Prominent Mountain Passes in India

A mountain pass comprises of a route through a mountain range and its exact location is denoted by the highest location in terms of altitude within that route. This highest location within the route through the mountain range is also the lowest route in terms of altitude that can be travelled in relation to the mountains around the route. The formation of mountain passes between mountain peaks might occur during the formation of the mountain range or they may be formed due to the action of glaciers,...

English Free Article # Tribes

Protecting Forest Dwellers as an Essential Part of Indian Forests

In February 2002, the Supreme Court of India passed an order prohibiting state governments and also tribals and other traditional forest dwellers from removing dead, dying trees and grasses and trees felled by winds. This was followed by a handbook being distributed by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change  (MoEF&CC) prohibiting tribals and other forest dwellers from utilizing forest produce for their livelihood needs. In 2004, a Central Empowered Committee (CEC) was appointed...


The Tharu People of Don Valley in the Valmiki Tiger Reserve

The Naurangia Village of the Tharu | Geography and You field study Phulvati shyly extended a small intricately woven basket full of semi puffed rice, anandi, urging me to eat more. It was a splendid meal - replete with fresh sugarcane juice, thick curd and a dash of garlic-amla (Indian gooseberry) chilli paste, so simple and exquisite that I could not stop myself from asking for several helpings. Washing my fingers near the motif-ladendoor I marvelled at the ingenuity of the Tharu people living...


Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary

Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary in the Leh district of Jammu & Kashmir abounds with a number of rare species of wildlife, many of which are unique to the region.


Rights have been historically dormant for tribal communities in India

History of tribal communities in India During the pre-Mughal period in India, tribals, or adivasis, were not considered impure by the upper caste Hindu population, unlike dalits. Even the adivasi origins of Valmiki were recognized. Unlike the dalits, who were subjugated by upper caste populations in Mughal India, tribal communities in India living in remote habitations had control over their lands (S. Meena & N.P.S. Meena, 2014) based on their segmental organization according to descent systems...


CSIR and CEERI Develops A New Technology to Detect Milk Adulteration

A new technology to analyse and detect milk adulteration has been developed by CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-CEERI), Pilani. This technology is based on acquiring electrochemical fingerprint coupled with multivariate data analysis techniques. There are no systems currently available even globally, based on similar methods. This innovation represents the first fully Indian ‘concept to implementation’ effort in instrumentation related to milk and dairy,...

Life # Travel

The Mount Everest May Have Shrunk

A stir has been created by the recent finding of Europe’s Sentinel-1A satellite that the 2015 earthquake in Nepal measuring 7.8 in magnitude might have shrunk the heights of several mountains in the surrounding area including that of Mount Everest by about 1 inch. This observation has led to consternation over whether Mt. Everest’s height really has been altered. It led to several international institutions and India seeking to measure the height of Mt. Everest. However, the Nepalese Government...


The Valley of Strobilanthes Species in Western Ghats

Strobilanthes species comprise a shrubby flowering plant that belongs to the Family Acanthaceae and is placed as the second largest genus in this family. The genus comprises of about 350 species mostly native to tropical Asia and Madagascar. The Indian subcontinent has nearly 150 species, out of which 59 are seen in peninsular India. The genus has shown uniqueness in territorial distribution as well as in ecological status. The most distinctive feature of the genus is its monocarpic or semelparous...