In the last 25 years, the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) has progressed from developing technology for shallow waters to deep waters. Coastal communities too have been provided access to desalinised potable water and have benefited from the tsunami warning system.
From exploring potential areas of high volume mineral reserves to deploying autonomous vehicles for extracting them, AI shows great promise in revolutionising mining in the near future. This feature discusses illustrative applications of technologies developed in the broad area of AI in the industry.
AI comes with a promise of overcoming a majority of healthcare barriers that beleaguer India. This feature explores few AI applications that are currently in use in India and outlines challenges that need to be overcome in the coming decade.
Damdama and Badhkal, two prominent lakes situated in the north and south of the Aravalli outcrops, have all but vanished. Increasing human interference, unprecedented rise in built up area, privatisation of land for recreational purposes and unsustainable cropping activities in recent years are wiping out these lakes.
The burgeoning mega cities, especially in developing countries are expected to experience higher levels of risk and exposure to health hazards from a combination of individual, physical and environmental factors.
Natural resources are depleting rapidly impacting development. The availability of time series Earth observation data assists the investigation of spatial patterns of different natural resources and the changes therein.
The concern for sustainable development received a policy fillip in the mid twentieth century and carved out a niche for itself in the global strategies for growth. Country level discussions have helped identify domains that influence sustainable living, yet critical concerns remain unaddressed.
Global changes due to the influence of extraterrestrial phenomena can be studied by using various satellite based information. An attempt is made in this article to understand the influence of such changes as a cumulative factor to predict some of the natural disasters which would make disaster management more effective.
In recent times, the Indian judiciary is playing a key role in the development of environmental norms. While various judgements passed by the courts and the National Green Tribunal have sought to prohibit environmentally harmful activities, in the absence of rigorous implementation, little progress has been made so far.
Soil erosion is the removal of the top layer by natural agents. However, deforestation, overgrazing and infrastructural development accelerate soil erosion. As soil is a critical natural resource, the risk of its erosion must be addressed urgently. Use of modern technologies like remote sensing and GIS can help build an understanding towards risk mitigation.