With the development of a 12 km probabilistic weather forecasting model, an unprecedented improvement in forecasting systems has been made by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune. It is now possible to provide sufficient lead time for exogenous weather at district or sub-district level.
The newly incorporated Meghalayan age in the Geological Time Scale replaces what the scientists called the late Holocene and succeeds the Northgrippian age. The new age began roughly 4,200 years ago during a severe drought period, which is what probably wiped out many civilisations flourishing during the time.
A June 2018 study published by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) suggests that analysing land productivity of a region and yield of a crop is not sufficient to calculate the efficiency with which water is being used for cultivation. It is also important to analyse whether irrigation water being applied to the crop is resulting in adequate output and if cropping patterns are aligned with water endowments of a region.
In Odisha, where access to piped water supply is low, engaging communities for building their own water supply systems have yielded results that can be emulated on a larger scale.
Presently, the Cauvery River is the city’s sole water source located at a distance of 100 km. But with a population expected to reach 20 million by 2031, the rising demand for water presents unique challenges, calling for participation at all levels.
The answer to India’s perennial drought problem despite high rainfall lies in addressing policy failures and formulating measures not just for mitigating problems, but drought proofing the entire country.
Conventional approaches to conservation of groundwater have not considered the need to involve an understanding of aquifer measurement and hydrogeology. Considering India’s diverse geography, it is pertinent to develop a scientific understanding of underlying geology of groundwater resources and how aquifers work.
In colonial India, water ownership became entrenched with the State, a practice that continued post-Independence. For ensuring sustainable and assured supply addressing the needs of communities, decentralised practices such as rainwater harvesting can be beneficial.
It is IRONIC that the Himalaya, often alluded to as the ‘water tower of Asia’—the source of mighty rivers that support millions, now face stress especially during summers. The rapidly reducing flow in surface drainage and the disappearance of springs are signs of looming disaster. Changes in micro-climate, anthropogenic pressures, infrastructure development, increase in the consumption and use of water, a reduction in vegetation cover—particularly diverse forests and pastures with mixed species...
Sixteen years following the Vishakha guidelines, a legislation was brought into place to prevent sexual harassment at workplaces. However, in its present form, the Act lacks in spirit and is riddled with loopholes.