Millions of people migrate, within and outside their country, to widen their livelihood prospects. The movement is central to the upliftment of living standards for migrants and their families. Using the Kerala Migration Survey (KMS), 2018, this study attempts to examine the relationship between migration and upward mobility.
Who goes abroad and why? The impact of going abroad for international assignments is usually gendered. While women make up nearly 35 per cent of the labour force in the Indian tech sector, a proportionally smaller group takes up international assignments. In this article, we draw on our findings to highlight who this group is, how the nature of work and migration is gendered and how it impacts women’s long-term career prospects within the Indian tech sector.
The author argues for the deployment of humanitarian philanthropy which a trans-South Asian can exhibit to support sustainable development in the countries of their origin particularly to achieve the Global Compact for Migration (GCM) objective through contributions in the fields of education and health.
Climate-induced migration has put new emerging challenges for labour administration. Pre-existing regional inequalities, prevailing poverty levels, scattered and partial nature of existing labour laws, etc. alert us about further worsening of the vulnerable conditions of climate migrants.
Contrary to the widely held anticipation that post-reforms economics would give rise to significantly higher levels of migration within India, the initial post-reforms period did not witness a massive increase in the extent of migration. The 2001-2011 decade however, sees a substantial increase.
The percentage of migrant population in India has gone up from 30.1 per cent in 2001 to 37.64 per cent in 2011 as per the recently released data from Population Census (Fig. 1). The growth rate of migrants has jumped from 35 per cent during 1991-01 to 45 percent during 2001-11.The rise is noted both for men and women; in rural as well as urban areas. A rise is seen also in the number of migrants moving across the states, which has grown by 30 per cent compared to the population growth of less than...
Population is a more serious issue than generally construed. The managing of populations can become a serious inflection point as can be seen building up in the recent Rohingya crisis in Myanmar. Frequently, discrimination against communities have been placed in religious and ethnic terms, which can be site-specific. However, Saskia Sassen, professor of sociology at Columbia University, US, places the context of the current turmoil on a more fundamental concept – land. Sassen says that recent...
In view of the present quandary in the world due to the ongoing crises in South Sudan and Syria, the humanitarian importance of the World Refugee Day, June 20, stands validated more than ever before. The observance of the World Refugee Day was started at the behest of the United Nations from 2001 to commemorate the abject distress faced by the forcefully displaced persons and raise awareness about their situation worldwide. As per the Global Trends Report on Forced Displacement in 2016 published...
Temporary labour migration is a survival strategy of the rural poor in India—more prevalent in the country’s northern and eastern states. However, intra state differences exist with pockets of poverty even within prosperous states, from where socially and economically disadvantaged groups migrate. The phenomenon calls for effective social protection programmes to augment the inadequate livelihood opportunities and negligible access to health care for temporary labour migrants.
People move in and out of places every day and have done so throughout human history. This short essay outlines the pattern of migratory movement and reflects an ever changing India. About 29 per cent of India’s population are migrants, which impacts tahe cultural landscapes in ways that often lasts well beyond lifetimes.