Earth Science # Science

Glacial Landforms in Relation to the Himalayas

Glaciers are represented by the flowing movement of a thick mass of ice and form as a result of the compaction or recrystallization of snow. Glaciers occur in areas whose climate favours the seasonal accumulation of snow in greater volumes than seasonal ablation. Here the seasonal accumulation of snow outpaces seasonal ablation that occurs due to loss of snow from melting, calving, evaporation and/or wind erosion. Glaciers can thus be found in Polar and Alpine Regions where temperatures can be substantially...

Technology

Heritage Sites Mapping

India is culturally very rich and diverse and has a long history. This richness and history is visible in historical architectures and monuments. India has a vast number of heritage sites that showcase India’s history and culture and thus are of great national importance. Also, many of these heritage sites get huge national as well as global attention and generate tourism opportunities. Unprecedented urbanisation, severe weathering of the monuments, encroachment around the monuments, smuggling...

Technology

Solar Power in India

Most of the people today know about the uses of solar energy and why we should use it. With the rapid depletion of conventional, non-renewable sources of energy like coal, gas and oil, finding out ways to harness and increase the production of alternate, renewable sources of energy is on the rise. Can we harness solar energy and produce solar power in India? India, being partly tropical and sub-tropical, receives sunlight all round the year. The amount of solar energy received by India is a whopping...

NRDMS # Technology

Good Governance: GIS in Law Enforcement

Catering to over 1.3 billion people, the law enforcement agencies in India face a lot of challenges. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), India had deployed only 138 personnel per one lakh population in 2015. India ranked 67th out of 71 countries in terms of personnel deployed to population ratio (ET, 2015). According to the Bureau of Police Research & Development, as of January 2017, India had 15,579 police stations, with 10,052 stations in urban areas, 4,998 stations...

Energy

Nuclear Power and Energy Security in India

The story of nuclear power in India began in September 1972, when the then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi visited the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and the project to manufacture and test a nuclear bomb was given a confirmation. Following this approval, the scientists started working on converting their ideas into reality. Apart from designing, minds were also pondering over locating and preparing an appropriate test site for the project, which was commonly called ‘Smiling Buddha’. Almost...

Oceans

What regulates our coastline: Coastal Regulation Zone Directives

Need for restrictions on Coastal Regulations Zones India has a vast coastline with nine states and four union territories having a sea-line running along their borders. Consequently, large populations of people are dependent on the sea for their livelihood. The scenic beauty of the sea and coastal formations also attract tourists in huge numbers. Minerals like salt, potassium, magnesium, sand and gravel, limestone and gypsum, manganese nodules, phosphorites , volcanic deposits of metals, placer...

NRDMS # Technology

Geo-Spatial Applications by NRDMS in Telecom

According to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), the total number of telephone subscribers in the country amounted to 1.2 billion as of September 2017. This comprises of both the wireless and the wireline subscribers in the country. The number of rural subscribers is over 500 million while the urban subscribers amount to over 700 million (TRAI, 2017). The biggest players in Indian telecom industry are familiar names such as Bharti Airtel, Vodafone, Idea and Reliance Jio. Government-controlled...

Science

Identifying Water Quality with Insects

The essay urges you to develop skills in recognising organisms whose survival is intrinsically linked to the quality of water. Conversely you can gauge the quality of the surface water through a cursory inspection.

Technology

PV Efficiency Grounds India’s Solar Ambitions

India is fast emerging as the largest market for low cost and poor quality solar photovoltaics (PV) modules— a compounding hazardous waste, especially threatening in the absence of adequate quality control.

Weather n Climate

Warming Temperatures and Arctic’s Dwindling Sea Ice

The Arctic amplification—as it has been termed, is resulting in a perceptible shift of this region to a new environment which is warmer, wetter and more variable than ever before.