Magazine Articles # Technology

AI the Future Enabler for Mining

From exploring potential areas of high volume mineral reserves to deploying autonomous vehicles for extracting them, AI shows great promise in revolutionising mining in the near future. This feature discusses illustrative applications of technologies developed in the broad area of AI in the industry.

Magazine Articles # Technology

Geospatial Technology for Monitoring Natural Resources

Natural resources are depleting rapidly impacting development. The availability of time series Earth observation data assists the investigation of spatial patterns of different natural resources and the changes therein.

Magazine Articles # Technology

Solar Irradiance & Disasters

Global changes due to the influence of extraterrestrial phenomena can be studied by using various satellite based information. An attempt is made in this article to understand the influence of such changes as a cumulative factor to predict some of the natural disasters which would make disaster management more effective.

Earth Science

Evidences of Ozone Recovery

The ozone loss process in the stratosphere is relatively well understood and much of the loss is driven by the chemical cycles involving chlorine and bromine compounds, whose abundance peaked around 2000 in the polar stratosphere. With the abatement of atmospheric loading of ozone depleting substances (ODSs) due to the implementation of Montreal Protocol, the extent of ozone loss is expected to have decreased since 2000. Early signs of the rebound of Antarctic ozone have already been reported. However,...

Magazine Articles # Technology

GIS and Remote Sensing in Natural Resource Management

Remote sensing and GIS can be used to generate data that can help achieve sustainable management of natural resources. Maps created through a GIS interface provide a fillip to analysis and bring us a step closer to visualising the complex patterns and relationships that characterise real-world planning and policy problems.

Magazine Articles # Science

Indian Standard Time

Indian Standard Time is the primary reference on which the country runs. However, keeping time is not the simplest of jobs. CSIR-NPL ensures that this time becomes accessible to all and everything runs proverbially, like clockwork.

Magazine Articles # Science

Indian Certified Reference Materials: Indispensable for the Quality Assurance of Products and Processes

One of the most successful methods for assuring accuracy of measurement in different laboratories and tracing the same to the national standards is through the use of certified reference materials. CSIR-NPL has developed Indian Certified Reference Materials—trademarked Bhartiya Nirdeshak Drvayas (BNDs).

Magazine Articles # Oceans

Phytoplankton Blooms in the Southern Ocean: Through Satellite Observations

Phytoplankton constitute the primary link in the food web of marine life and are a provider of oxygen. Satellite observations using remote sensing data has proved useful in identifying pockets of phytoplankton bloom, especially in the Southern Ocean.

Magazine Articles # Oceans

Rising Global Sea Level: Where are we?

Observational data on sea level rise, available since 1870, shows a constant rise. The multiple causes responsible for it have been traced to rising global temperatures, melting of land-based ice in all the Polar Regions, including Himalaya and the thermal expansion of ocean water etc.

Magazine Articles # Oceans

Designing Polar Research Vessels

Observations in Polar Regions are essential for understanding changing climate. This article provides insights into how a floating laboratory—the Polar Research Vessel, is designed and built to meet the mission requirements of scientific users.