The western Himalayan region experienced an increasing trend of one-day heaviest precipitation, during both winter and monsoon through 1978 to 2007. While one day heaviest precipitation is on the rise in high-altitude stations during winter, the same is observed in low altitude stations during the monsoon.
Early cyclone warning, which includes effective monitoring, detection and prediction of topical cyclones is crucial. Given the several constraints encountered, advanced technologies are fully employed for quality services towards public safety.
New Delhi, July 16 (G’nY News Service): As rain mercilessly lashes the northern region of the country, the southern part is experiencing a comparatively dry spell. Rains are reported only in the state of Andhra Pradesh in the southern peninsula. Dry spells are expected to continue over Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has released a forecast announcing revival of monsoon activities over east and central India after July 18. The IMD and National...
Thunderstorms are localised phenomena that can cause substantial damage. These are classified into the ordinary or single-cell, long-lasting multiple-cell or violent super-cell ones. In India, the pre-monsoon season is when most thunderstorms occur.
A hailstorm is a thunderstorm that produces ice as precipitation. Hailstorms can cause serious damage to crops and property. In India, hailstorms mostly affect the northeast and western Himalayas, with the maximum strikes in March and April.
Mawsynram, has currently overtaken Cherrapunji as the wettest place on earth. But both these places in Meghalaya’s East Khasi hills share a common orography, although facing different valleys.
Drought is a deficiency in precipitation for a season or more, resulting in water shortage. Droughts may be meteorological, agricultural or hydrological. Depletion of tree cover can combine with scanty rains to increase the magnitude of a drought.
Floods refer to the overflowing of a river or water body beyond its normal confines. They may take the shape of flash floods, surface floods, rapid onset or slow onset floods, depending on the manner of their occurrence.
A tropical cyclone is an intense low pressure system that is classified on the basis of its wind speed. The phenomena has a definitive structure and a well-defined life cycle.
Being a land with a unique climatic regime, including two monsoon seasons, two cyclone seasons, hot and cold weather seasons, cold waves and fog, India is vulnerable to several extreme weather events. A spatio-temporal analysis of these weather extremes is extremely essential to help understand India’s vulnerability potential, and hence minimize the adverse impacts on the population.