Earth Science # English Free Article |

Ten Most Saline Locations on Earth

The most saline locations on Earth contain salt, or sodium chloride, and also other minerals and contain these in much greater quantities than the ocean. The following are the locations in the world with the greatest concentration of salt, with salinity levels that in many cases are inimical for life to survive in these places. Don Juan Pond Among the most saline locations on Earth, in terms of natural water bodies, the most saline is the Don Juan Pond in Antarctica. The pond has a salinity...

English Free Article # Technology |

The Privacy Debate | Peculiarities of Culture and Individual Autonomy

The question of privacy arises most notably with the Aristotelian distinction between the public sphere of governance and its separation from the private sphere of individuals concerning domestic life and family. Other than in philosophical discussions, the concept has a wide range of interpretation in many cultures. Some interpretations might seem quite obscure and deal with moral relativism, as in how personal possessions might form different sorts of consensus depending on the degree and nature...

English Free Article # Environment |

Animal Attacks | Signifying a Larger Need for Habitat Conservation

The animal attacks trajectory An elephant on the loose has in the past few months trampled to death about 15 people in Jharkhand. Animal attacks such as these are not isolated incidents. As urbanization extends and encroaches upon animal habitats, such incidents are likely to become more and more common. In Uttar Pradesh’s Pilibhit Tiger reserve, deaths due to tiger attacks are fairly regular - with 3 deaths in the last few weeks. Since October last year, more than 16 people are estimated...

Earth Science # English Free Article |

Pink Rainbows Appear in the United Kingdom

A pink rainbow was observed from parts of Western England on August 7, 2017 which is a rare occurrence. Pink rainbows occur as optical effects depending on how we view phenomena and is caused by the refraction of sunlight from a reddish evening sun by droplets of water in the Earth’s atmosphere. In the evening the angle of sunlight reaching an area on Earth makes it pass through a greater depth of atmosphere than in the daytime. In such a circumstance, colours occupying shorter wavelengths...

English Free Article # Technology |

Khichri Apps | ISRO made solar calculator clueless about MNRE SPIN

The solar rooftop backdrop and relevance of solar calculator India is looking towards a robust solar energy programme that will bolster the energy security of the nation. From a mere 57260 MW at present, India wants to increase its renewable energy capacity to 1,75,000 MW in 5 years’ time. A steep unrealistic target, as has been critiqued by many, considering the progress of the renewable energy programmes in India that span nearly three decades. The most poorly performing sector in India’s...

English Free Article # Environment |

Fire in Greenland Has Perplexed Observers Worldwide

On July 31, 2017, satellites noticed a large column of smoke arising out of Greenland's permafrost areas, which after being imaged by an Operational Land Imager (OLI), gave data that identified the phenomenon as a fire over the course of the week (NASA, 2017). With data revealing that the source of the smoke could be coming from multiple sources, the fire in Greenland is among the biggest ones so far in recent history. The baffling part is that the fire in Greenland is happening in a place almost...

English Free Article # Environment |

Anthropocene Epoch | Geological Periods and Climate Change

Upcoming geological periods With climate change ruling the environment discourse, the sudden warming of the Earth in contemporary times prompted an official expert group to present a recommendation to the International Geological Congress to declare the geological period beginning since 1950 as the Anthropocene epoch. Since 2009, the Working Group on the Anthropocene (WHA) has been working to set up a working model for the Anthropocene Epoch. The epoch would be said to mark the impact of modern...

Earth Science # English Free Article |

Wind Types | Why They are Not the Same at all Times

World wind types Ascertaining wind types is important to understand disaster's. On May 30, 2017, a severe cyclonic storm ‘Mora’ crossed the Bangladesh coast in the forenoon, with a peak surface wind speed of 130 kmph (IMD, 2017). The cyclone claimed 9 lives in Bangladesh along with massive damage to property. Mizoram reported heavy rainfall accompanied with strong gusts of wind that is reported to have damaged about 80 buildings, most particularly in Siaha district, where damages were reported...

Ecology # English Free Article |

Concept counter | Understanding ecosystem services and ecological niche

Demystifying ecosystem services Food chains in ecosystems exist in the form of food pyramids. Although a food chain might not always be a linear chain of progression and can alternatively be called a food web. However, according to certain defining characteristics, certain levels of production and consumption can be differentiated in a food chain. These are called trophic levels, which can be defined as the feeding levels in a food chain or web in an ecological community. Trophic Levels Fig:...

English Free Article # Technology |

Putting in Place a Robust Tech Driven Forest Fire Monitoring for India

Forest fire is one of the threats to forest ecosystems and has adverse effects on ecology, climate, environment, human health and the economy. Recurrent forest fires increase the surface run-off, reduces the forest cover due to death of fire intolerant tree species, destroys animal habitats, and causes prolonged effects on human health such as respiratory and cardiovascular problems and even leads to invasions of invasive species (Hussin, Matakala, and Zagdaa, 2008). Furthermore, forest fires...