Concept counter | Understanding ecosystem services and ecological niche

Demystifying ecosystem services Food chains in ecosystems exist in the form of food pyramids. Although a food chain might not always be a linear chain of progression and can alternatively be called a food web. However, according to certain defining characteristics, certain levels of production and consumption can be differentiated in a food chain. These are called trophic levels, which can be defined as the feeding levels in a food chain or web in an ecological community. Trophic Levels Fig:...

Climate Change # Ecology

Congress Grass: Biological Invader of Non Cropped Areas

Congress grass scientifically known as Parthenium Hysterophorus, a native of West Indies and Tropical America, has established itself all over India


Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot in Danger?

Home to a large number of endemic flora and fauna the Western Ghats is unique in many ways. However, climate change, overexploitation, and deforestation are playing havoc with its biodiversity.


Sundarban: Confrontation to Conservation

Human-animal conflict is often triggered by poverty and the need to access resources for survival. Such confrontation can be prevented by bringing in livelihood projects that help human population, and prevent them entering areas earmarked for wildlife.


The Himalaya: Biodiversity Threats

It is easy to arrest a decline in Himalayan biodiversity, provided local communities are involved in the process. Efforts in the Himalayan region prove this beyond


Documenting India’s Marine Biodiversity

As per available data, there are 21,663 marine species in India, of which, 20,444 are faunal communities. However, in the absence of adequate documentation, the exact numbers are uncertain, and so is the status of India’s marine biodiversity.


Biodiversity Act: Access and Benefit sharing

The complexity in evaluating biodiversity makes it difficult to ensure equity where bio-resources are concerned. Convention of Biological Diversity and India’s Biodiversity Act are moves to bring in equity in the sharing of bio-resources for mutual benefit.

Ecology | VOL. 16, ISSUE 96, May-June 2016

Soil Degradation and Soil Quality

Soil erosion is a gradual process that depletes soil organic carbon, adversely affecting soil quality. It is the primary cause behind 78.6 per cent of the total degraded land in India. Enhancing soil organic carbon in soils may prove the most effective method to maintain soil quality.


Bringing Biodiversity into Mainstream Media

New Delhi, June 7 (G’nY News Service): Despite being a major source of survival, be it physical, spiritual or economical, the mainstream media do not adequately address the importance of biodiversity conservation. Media is considered as the crux in spreading constructive agendas and can help in sustaining rapid development and environmental conservation side-by-side. In the ‘Biodiversity Connect Media Workshops’ organized by the Centre for Environment Communication (CEC), the keynote address...

Ecology | VOL. 15, ISSUE 91, July-August 2015

Are there still more? Discovering New Species

Discovery of new species have aided the understanding of future probabilities. It has been analysed that these newly discovered species are habitants of the few desolate forests that may be home to a diverse groups of medicinal and natural antidotes.