Ecology |

Documenting India’s Marine Biodiversity

Marine ecosystems are among the largest and the most productive of the Earth’s aquatic ecosystems, comprising salt marshes, intertidal zones, estuaries, lagoons, mangroves, coral reefs, the deep sea, and the sea floor. Marine ecosystems provide services at the global scale (oxygen production, nutrient cycles, carbon capture through photosynthesis and carbon sequestration) and at regional and local scales (stabilising coastlines, bioremediation of waste and pollutants, and a variety of aesthetic and cultural values). Deteriorating biodiversity weakens a marine ecosystem’s capacity to...

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