Extreme Weather Events: A 2016 summary
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) data revealed that 2016 was the warmest year for India in the last 116 years since 1901. And IMD’s “Statement on Climate of India during 2016” also stated that India’s top five warmest years since 1901 have been recorded only in the last 15 years. Here is a comprehensive list of high impact weather events according to a report by India Meteorological Department (IMD) in the following states.
1) Floods and Heavy rains
Floods in India are a growing concern for the people in the country as, here are the state’s worst affected by floods in 2016:
(i) The floods and Heavy Rainfall caused wanton destruction from June to September. Auranga River in Valsad was flowing above danger level, due to incessant rains and flooded three villages situated in low-lying areas along its bank.
(ii) With a death toll touch 81, the floods and heavy rainfall brought no respite to the people of Gujarat who were earlier reeling from Heat waves.
(i) Maharashtra had a rough spell with Floods and Heavy Rainfall from June to September which also lead to collapse of a portion of the famous Mahad Bridge.
(ii) Floods killed around 36 people with an additional death toll of 27 people in the bridge collapse.
(i) Between July and August, Rajasthan suffered from this extreme weather event where residential areas were inundated, forcing the administration to evacuate the people to safer places.
(ii) About 35 lives were lost in the floods during the period.
(d) Andhra Pradesh
(i) Hundreds of villages were marooned due to intermittent rains and road traffic was badly hit at many places.
(ii) 21 people perished due to the floods that happened in the state.
(i) Although Monsoon was delayed by a week, it wreaked havoc for the people of Uttarakhand and caused a lot of displacement of people and destruction in the month of July.
(ii) 46 people were killed by the floods and thousands left stranded after their houses were washed away.
(i) Heavy Rainfall and floods affected over a million people in Assam between July and August 2016.
(ii) The death toll was around 45 and more than 200,000 people were left in relief camps due to the floods.
(i) With Heavy Rainfall causing Ganges to overflow, Bihar underwent a terrible scenario from July to September 2016 that affected over 3 million people.
(ii) 146 people were left dead due to the flood with thousands stranded in camps.
(h) Madhya Pradesh
(i) From June to August 2016, MP underwent terrible floods that caused widespread destruction and property loss.
(ii) With about 3 lakh affected, the situation ended with the death of 48.
(i) Tamil Nadu
(i) Tropical Cyclone Vardah hit Tamil Nadu on 12, 13 December 2016 causing massive destruction to the property and trees.
(ii) 18 people were left dead because of the floods that ensued.
2) Heat Waves
Heat Waves are considered as a prolonged period of excessively hot temperature, accompanied by high humidity. Following states underwent this extreme weather event in 2016.
(i) The heat wave throughout the Gujarat had temperatures in most towns including Ahmedabad rising up to 44 degree Celsius which caused a heat wave that lasted from April to May 2016.
(ii) 87 lives were lost due to the heat wave
(i) Heat waves were again a major concern for the people of Maharashtra in the months of April and May 2016 with temperatures going as high as 41 degree Celsius in some places.
(ii) A total of 43 people lost their lives due to the Heat Wave.
(i) With temperature soaring as high as 41 degree Celsius in up to 5 districts, Telangana underwent an extreme weather event in the months of April and May 2016.
(ii) Approximately 300 people died due to sunstroke and related issues.
(d) Andhra Pradesh
(i) AP also underwent a severe heat wave between April and May.
(ii) Compared to 2015, the authorities were better prepared in terms of handling the situation. However, more than100 people were killed due to the heat wave.
3) Cold Wave
A cold wave occurs when there is a rapid drop in temperature over a 24-hour period. In 2016, cold wave swept different parts of India resulting in deaths.
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(i) Minimum temperature around Uttar Pradesh dropped a bit lower than the usual leading to an intense cold wave in the region during the month of December 2016.
(ii) Despite the steps by Government to provide relief to people suffering from cold wave, 21 lives were lost.
(i) There was continuous drop in temperature in the month of December in Bihar.
(ii) 32 people died due to the extreme weather event.
According to the IMD report, Lightning has also claimed a lot of lives in the country in the past year. With no set pattern of when to expect it, Lightning resulted in the death of over 300 people in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and, Odisha.