India Biodiversity: Mangrove Ecosystem Services

Mangroves form dense and often mono-specific strands and are considered "foundation species" that control population and ecosystem dynamics. Currently declining at the rate of 1 per cent per year, mangrove forests are expected to completely disappear within 100 years if nothing is done to remedy it. The Mangrove Ecosystem of India Mangroves are uniquely adapted to tropical and subtropical coasts, and although relatively low in number of species, these forests provide numerous ecosystem services...

Climate Change # Forests

International Forest Day and Types of Forests In India

March 21 is celebrated as the World Forest Day to create awareness about forests and their importance in our lives. The theme this year is ‘Forests and Energy'.

Climate Change # Forests

Lantana Camara- Devouring the forests of India

Lantana Camara is one such invasive species that since its introduction has become widespread from Southern India forests to Himalaya foothills.Lantana not only spreads fast but does not allow grass, shrubs or any other plant in its vicinity to grow leading to the migration or decline in the number of herbivores ultimately affecting the carnivores at the top of the food chain. In a conversation with GnY, K V Sankaran, Former Director of Kerala Forest Research Institute said, “Lantana Camara...

Climate Change # Forests

Land Use Change: Delhi Ridge

There are many communities living on the fringes of the threatened Delhi Ridge - the city's only lung space. The Delhi Ridge stretches over a distance of 35 km, from Bhatti Mines to southeast of the 700 year old Tughlaqabad, branching in different directions, and finally tapering towards the northern end near Wazirabad on the western banks of Yamuna river. While one side of the locality is home to residential high-rises, large malls, five-star hotels, corporate offices and luxurious farmhouses...


Mangroves-surviving against all odds

Mangroves are critically important wetlands in view of the variety of ecosystem functions they perform. Yet, they are witnessing widespread destruction, much to the peril of coastal communities. A better understanding of their role is of utmost importance for designing future management strategies.

Disaster Events # Forests | VOL. 16, ISSUE 96, May-June 2016

Forest Fires in Uttarakhand

Forest fires in Uttarakhand are a result of warped policies since British times that wrested control of the forests from local communities, who in turn, set forests on fire to extract their revenge. Corrective measures to turn these communities from foes into friends can definitely help protect the unique Himalayan ecosystem.

Forests | VOL. 16, ISSUE 96, May-June 2016

Forest and tree cover

The Central Government with an objective to regulate the use of forest land for non-forest purposes enacted the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. As per the Act the use of forest land for non-forestry purposes requires prior permission of the Central Government. The 1980 Act has helped in protecting forest area and tree cover through the years. According to India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015, the total forest and tree cover in the country is 7,94,245 sq km constituting 24.16 per cent of the total...

Forests | VOL. 14, ISSUE 85, July-August 2014

Parambikulam: Forest Dwellers in Charge

The Kerala Forest Department, through its unique model of community engagement, has involved the forest dwellers in the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve area to safeguard the forest, and provide a livelihood opportunity. The benefit—greater vigilance amounting to no poaching cases ever since the approach began in 2006.

Forests # Travel | VOL. 12, ISSUE 72, May-June 2012

Pristine Debrigarh

The mesmerising environs of the Sanctuary is a paradise for nature lovers. Abounding in grasslands and water bodies Debrigarh is a little known destination with astounding birding possibilities.

Forests | VOL. 12, ISSUE 71, March-April 2012

Urban Trees for Combating Climate Change

The urban environment of modern India has undergone dramatic changes predominated by concrete structures, congested commercial spaces and incessant traffic. The degeneration of living environment in urban areas has severely disrupted the balance of urban climate as tree cover is eliminated to make way for ‘development’.