New Delhi, March 11 (G’nY News Service): India is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, and is impacted by livelihood issues, low food security, health risks, and dwindling ecological resources. The Natural Resource Management (NRM) programme of GIZ seeks to address the pressing needs of India’s rural areas in the context of climate change through a range of projects fostering rural innovation and business models, knowledge networks in Indian agriculture, food security, and promoting environmental benefits of MGNREGA works.
Under the aegis of the NRM programme, the UPNRM project (Umbrella Programme for Natural Resource Management) is a tripartite cooperation between GIZ, NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) and KfW (German Development Bank), which has positively impacted the lives of 300,000 rural poor by introducing sustainable rural business models based on loan-financing. Till October 2015, 286 agro-business projects spread across 21 Indian states worth 80.48 million Euro/587 crore have been implemented under UPNRM.
Climate change Adaptation in North Eastern regions of India ( CCA-NER ) project with the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, (DoNER) works towards improving access of rural households to food through resource-saving and climate resilient agricultural practices. With the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEFCC), the Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas of India (CCA-RAI) project has provided technical assistance for the preparation of State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCCs) to 16 Indian states and two Union Territories (UTs), while helping State governments to access climate finance.
As part of the Global initiative ‘One World – No Hunger’ – started by the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in 2014 – GIZ India’s NRM portfolio also works towards promoting innovations in the agricultural and food sector to boost the incomes of small and marginal farmers, create more employment opportunities, and increase regional food supplies in rural target areas. Thrust areas – such as food and nutritional security, and soil protection – are viewed from the Indian perspective under this global initiative. From facilitating scientific cooperation to knowledge exchange among practitioners and policy makers at the national and international level, the focus is to motivate the Indian government to address food security and management of land resources while promoting cross-learning opportunities among countries. Climate Change Knowledge Network in Indian Agriculture (CCKN-IA) in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture is using an innovative ICT-based knowledge platform to improve processing and sharing of knowledge around climate change adaptations in agriculture. The project enhances the existing extension systems and local networks to provide locally—relevant and timely information on climate change adaptation.
Currently, CCKN-IA is operational in three states – Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra. It has developed an open source platform called Network for Information on Climate (Ex) change (NICE) which allows for effective knowledge exchange among stakeholders as well as interactive communication, on a real time basis, between farmers and knowledge providers. Experts from Universities, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) and other institutions are trained and engaged in developing localised quality advisories on climate change adaptation on the NICE platform. To maximise the potential of MGNREGA Works – GIZ’s Environmental Benefits of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act – works in Rajasthan (Bhilwara & Chittorgarh districts), in Chhattisgarh (Dhamtari & Rajnandgaon districts) and in Andhra Pradesh (Anantpur & Vizianagaram districts). The project enables access to information on NRM practices, production systems, defines mechanisms to maintain and manage assets under MGNREGA, and identifies the training needs of members of Gram Sabha/Gram Panchayats and local administrators to develop guidelines and approaches for better monitoring of MGNREGA works.
Natural Resource Management Programme,