By Gufran Beig and Neha Parkhi
The authors are chief project scientist, SAFAR; and programme officer, ENVIS, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, MoES, New Delhi, respectively.
Air pollution is a growing problem in India. Factories, power plants, automobiles and dust, smoke from bush fires and volcanic eruptions are responsible for pollution. The deterioration of air quality thus results into a corresponding increase in health problems, eventually inducing the monitoring of air quality and its prediction as a prime necessity in day-to-day life.
Timely air quality information, even 24 hours in advance can assist those coping with health problems that are aggravated by ground-level ozone, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter and other pollutants. Air quality advisories or alerts issued when pre-determined pollutant threshold exceeds should result in actions to reduce pollution levels and encourage people to avoid polluted areas thereby alleviating adverse effects on health. Briefly, in response to the air quality advisories people can try to take actions against...