By D Padmalal and Staff Reporter
The author is Scientist F, National Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. Article is supplemented by G’nY team. drdpadmalal @gmail.com
Water related problems are acute in many parts of Kerala during summer. The situation could worsen further as rapid urbanization, indiscriminate sand mining and salinity intrusion into groundwater reservoirs gradually transform the State’s environmental scenario for the worst.
It would appear that with about 3m of annual average rainfall and a variety of natural and man-made freshwater sources, Kerala, is a land of surplus water. But, studies by reputed research institutions in the State reveal that Kerala is no ‘safe state’ as regards fresh water availability. Ensuring uninterrupted year-round fresh water supplies remains the greatest challenge to water managers owing to high human stress in this densely populated State. Although Kerala receives a large amount of rainfall, its...