Water | VOL. 9, ISSUE 55, July-August 2009 |

Ground Water in India

Water located below the ground surface in soil pores and the fractures of lithologic formations is often withdrawn for agricultural, municipal and industrial use and is replenished by precipitation, river flow and irrigation return flow. Usage of ground water has some obvious advantages over surface water — better protection against pollution; little treatment required before supplying to user; constant temperature; small distances between source and user; and a fairly steady supply due to large storage capacities. These advantages have stimulated...

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