Water | VOL. 12, ISSUE 72, May-June 2012 |

Opencast Mining, River Catchment and the Plight of Odisha

Springs have served as a source of drinking water for millennia. The occurrence of most springs is controlled by the structure of rock formations while the flow depends on a number of factors like ground water recharge, season, and most importantly vegetation cover, rainfall, land use, grazing incidence and geomorphology of the recharge zone in a mountain watershed. Any alternation in these affects the flow. Odisha is considered a water-surplus State as it possesses 11 per cent of the country’s...

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