By T Srinivasa Kumar
The author is senior scientist, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS). email@example.com
Scientific study of the natural hazards and coastal processes has assumed greater significance after the December 2004 tsunami as the country learnt lessons from the high impact damage to life, property and environment. The nation’s want for reliable coastal vulnerability information has created a need for classifying coastal lands and evaluating its hazard vulnerability.
Coastal regions of our nation are facing tremendous population and developmental pressure for the last four decades. According to the 1992 estimates of United Nations more than half of the world’s population lives within 60 km of a shoreline. In the 1950s there were only two mega cities - New York and London, which notched upto 20 by 1990, and as recent projections predict, it is likely that we have 30 mega cities by 2010 with a population of 320...