Environment | VOL. 8, ISSUE 46, January-February 2008 |

Coral Reef Bleaching

Coral reef bleaching is caused by anthropogenic and natural variations in reef environment including warm sea surface temperature, solar irradiance, sedimentation, xenobiotics, subaerial exposure, inorganic nutrients, freshwater dilution, and epizootics. Coral bleaching events have been increasing in both frequency and extent worldwide in the past 20 years. Global climate change plays a role in the increase in coral bleaching events, and could cause destruction of major reef tracts and extinction of many coral species. Until 1980’s, the only coral bleaching...

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