By A Arivudai Nambi
The author is Director, Climate Change Programme, M S Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai. firstname.lastname@example.org
Extreme events pose a great threat to the survival of populations across the world. We hear about floods, droughts and heat waves on a regular basis but the connection between weather extremes and climate change is ignored consistently. Today, the weather events are more influenced by climate change as it is constantly altering the natural limits, thus making specific types of extreme events more intense, widespread and frequent.
The occurrence of a value of a weather or climate variable way above or way below a threshold value normally results in an abnormal weather related event which could be termed as an extreme event. The most commonly occurring extreme events are floods resulting from high precipitation, droughts resulting from deficient rainfall conditions, and heat waves on account of extreme temperatures. India has a long coastline of approximately 8000 km and faces regular threats of cyclones, storm surges and inundation....