By T M Balakrishnan Nair, K Srinivas, P L N Murty and S S C Shenoi
The authors are Scientists and Director, respectively, from Earth System Science Organisation-Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (ESSO-INCOIS).
High waves and coastal inundation due to tropical cyclones cause heavy loss of life and property. Hence, precise prediction and warning is of extreme significance. The forecast services played a major role in preventing losses when cyclone Phailin made landfall in 2013.
India has a 7517 km coastal zone—comprising 5423 km of coastal mainland and 2094 km of island coastline. About 25 per cent of India’s population is concentrated in the ‘coastal zone’ with activities that vary from traditional fishing to oil and gas exploration in the 2 million sq km of Indian exclusive economic zone (EEZ). It is thus very important to issue timely and accurate forecasts about the sea state conditions to fishing communities, oil and shipping industries, ports and...