By Suman Goyal
The author is Scientist-E, Satellite Met Division, Meteorological Department, IMD, New Delhi.
The accurate prediction of a tropical cyclone depends on correct
monitoring of its location and intensity. The observational network plays
a key role in determining the characteristics of a cyclone.
The observational network for cyclone forecasting is aimed at continuous monitoring of the horizontal and vertical structure of the atmosphere. The latest advances in technology such as satellites, radar, and automated weather stations (AWS) provide invaluable support to the monitoring of tropical cyclones by the India Meteorological Department (IMD). The observational system Land and ocean based observations: Surface data is the foundation on which the edifice of synoptic meteorology rests. Horizontal coverage is generally good over populated land, and marginal...