Development

The Exclusive Economic Zone of the Seas around India

Following the enforcement of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1994 a new form of national economic jurisdiction was established globally to the seas extending 200 nautical miles from the coasts of sovereign states. Article 55 of the document defines the legal regime of the Exclusive Economic Zone. The article defines an area marked as an Exclusive Economic Zone (or EEZ) as – “The exclusive economic zone is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, subject...

Development

Sustainable Ecotourism in India and Pedagogy in Policy

Ecotourism as a term first emerged during the late 1980s with growing global concern for sustainable practices with regard to ecologies extending towards minimizing the degenerative results of tourism on the environment. Ecotourism thus essentially has come to imply responsible travel practices when exploring natural conditions such that travel practices are conducted with a view towards environmental conservation, environmental sustainability and the welfare of local communities. This involves generating...

Development

Does India Require Counter Urbanization

Urbanization is one of the most common global phenomena in the world, and is said to occur in many phases. In the overwhelming majority of cases, urban lifestyles and infrastructure has spread to encompass most human settlements. It is very rare that the opposite occurs, and rural lifestyles and infrastructure spread and influence human settlement patterns. However, within the urbanization process, sometimes, and very rarely, there is a sizeable movement of human occupation away from the core of urban...

Development

Economics in Environmental Sustainability

The Brundtland Commission in its report titled Our Common Future in 1987 defined the concept of sustainable development as development addressed towards the needs of the future as well as towards the needs of the present policy architecture. The Brundtland Commission was shortly dissolved at the end of the same year. However, how can we have sustainable development given the rapid rate at which we are consuming the Earth’s resources? How is Development Sustainable? This definition in what...

Development # NRDMS

Spatial Data a Boon for Decision-making Development

Sitting on his computer, the district education officer in Karnataka’s Gulbarga district finds out which schools need an upgrade in toilet and education facilities. He also is aware of the institutions which need additional classrooms, so that he can quickly draft a proposal once funds are sanctioned for infrastructure improvement. While assessing the need for new police stations in Shimoga city municipality, the superintendent of police analyses the crime data, population density and socio-economic...

Development

The Nuclear Power Programme of India

Nuclear Power Capable of Mitigating India's Energy Crisis  Unless India moves towards sustainable and long-term energy sources, policy-makers see India facing a energy crisis in the future. In this nuclear energy emerges as an immediate and relatively sustainable solution to an impending energy crisis. A successful organization of any nuclear power programme is hinged on an efficient strategy for nuclear waste management, and after 2009, India gained full sanction for being a part of the global...

Development

Extreme Poverty Worldwide and Some Economic Approaches

Measurements of poverty indicators are usually highly controversial, and many obstacles may arise over providing an exact and objective estimate of people living in extreme poverty. Many nations and organizations working in this regard such as the World Bank and the United Nations (UN) have different approaches in qualifying and quantifying extreme poverty, and this creates ambiguities in providing objective estimates of extreme poverty. Among the most popular approaches in development thought...

Development

Natural Drainage Systems as Green Infrastructure in Settlements

In agricultural lands drainage usually occurs naturally. Excess water flows from the fields to natural water bodies such as rivers and lakes or gets absorbed into the soil by natural processes. In urban areas however, we build complex artificial water drainage systems. These drainage systems eventually carry pollutants such as heavy metals, paint and oil into natural water bodies as part of urban waste. It is not possible to treat all of urban waste water without a concerted effort towards...

Development

Universal City | Design Principles for Achieving an Egalitarian City Experience

A universal city is marked by its inclusivity, i.e. a city that manages to include the participation of all individuals that contribute towards the city. This inclusion involves incorporating features that ensure inclusivity for all through establishing the frameworks of universal design (NYU, 2017) that can include architectural features, facilitation services, etc that aim to streamline the usufructuary experience in a universal city by offering design principles for formulating the layouts for a city. Universal...

Development

Transport Network Models and Their Judicious Deployment

Transport network models comprise of frameworks for the transportation infrastructure, and their development is based on a number of intrinsic contributory factors of which environmental features are a critical part. Transport network models are thus used as frameworks to formulate systems. A variety of intrinsic factors across disciplines can influence such systemic formulations in an interlinked manner to deliver desired services. These concomitant factors can display incredible variance of numerous...