Development | VOL. 14, ISSUE 85, July-August 2014

Growth in India: An Examination of Inclusiveness

The eleventh five year plan of India emphasised the need for more inclusive growth. It stated that the plan provides “an opportunity to restructure policies to achieve a new vision based on faster, more broad based and inclusive growth—and is designed to reduce poverty and focus on bringing down various divides that continue to fragment our society” (Towards faster are more inclusive growth: An approach to the 11th five year plan, 2006, Planning Commission). The twelfth five year plan has also reiterated its commitment to inclusive growth, recognising that while faster growth remains the main goal, it is not an end in itself but the means to an end. And, the end would demand outcomes which yield benefits for all, but particularly require that the benefits of growth reach the poor, scheduled castes (SCs), scheduled tribes (STs), other backward classes (OBCs), minorities and women (S Thorat et al., 2012, ‘Has growth been society inclusive during 1993-94 and 2009-10, Economic and Political Weekly). The pronouncements are largely in nature of what it should be, without delineating how it should be different from earlier policy regimes. The government has sought to pursue a strategy without providing even a working definition, not to mention the nature and magnitude of the problem it seeks to address. However, there seems to be absence of clarity because of the fact that...

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