Industry | VOL. 16, ISSUE 96, May-June 2016

Mining: Destruction over Development

Sufficient geological evidence points out mineral deposits like bauxite, iron, coal, manganese etc. are abundantly found in India. It is also pertinent to note that a major portion of these deposits remain untapped. Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh are among India’s major mineral bearing states, and as a consequence, most affected by mining.   Mineral Production in India According to the Annual Report 2015-2016, submitted by the Ministry of Mines, the total value of mineral production (excluding atomic minerals) in India, for the year 2015-2016, is estimated at INR 2,68,955 crore, which shows a decrease of about 5.05 per cent over that of the previous year. The number of mines which reported mineral production (excluding atomic minerals, crude petroleum, natural gas and minor minerals) decreased to 1,878 in 2015-2016 from 3,524 in the preceding year. In terms of share of states in the value of mineral production, for the same year—Jharkhand (208 mines) contributed 16.78 per cent, Chhattisgarh (154 mines) contributed 29.25 per cent and Odisha (158 mines) contributed 4.55 per cent. Juxtaposed against in-depth logistic data freely available for the mining sector, is the paucity of statistics on the adverse effects of mining on environment. Despite claims of mining sector being a major facilitator in India’s growth, local and region specific reports present a contrary scenario. Ravi Rebbapragada, Chairperson of Mines, Minerals and People, a...

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