By Sachidananda Satapathy
The author is Former Director, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. email@example.com. The article should be cited as Satapathy S., 2019. India’s Action to Project the Ozone Layer, Geography and You, 19(23): 10-18
The global community adopted the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer and to phase out ozone depleting substances. India became party to both and complied with all control measures as per the 1993 Country Programme. India, as a follow up to the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, launched the India Cooling Plan to enhance energy efficiency while addressing cooling demand.
The gradual thinning of earth’s ozone layer in the upper atmosphere caused by the release of chemical compounds from human activities and adverse impact of UV rays on various components of the environment was confirmed by scientists during 1974. The first international action was initiated in March 1977 and experts from 32 countries met in Washington DC to adopt the ‘World Plan of Action on the Ozone Layer’. ‘Assessment of Ozone Depletion and its Impact’ published in 1978 initiated, inter...