By L S Rathore, D R Pattanaik and S C Bhan
The authors are Director General and Directors, respectively, India Meteorological Department, New Delhi. firstname.lastname@example.org
Being a land with a unique climatic regime, including two monsoon seasons, two cyclone seasons, hot and cold weather seasons, cold waves and fog, India is vulnerable to several extreme weather events. A spatio-temporal analysis of these weather extremes is extremely essential to help understand India’s vulnerability potential, and hence minimize the adverse impacts on the population.
India is a land with a unique climatic regime, that includes, two monsoon seasons (south-west and north-east); two cyclone seasons (pre- and post-monsoon cyclone seasons); hot weather season characterised by severe thunderstorms, dust storms and heat waves; and, cold weather season characterised by violent snow storms in the Himalayan regions, cold waves and fog. Since agricultural output in India is primarily dependent on rainfall, the variability in rainfall-particularly the monsoon rainfall during June to September (June-July, August-September- JJAS) that occurs...