By V V Sugunan
The author is former Assistant Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. email@example.com
Fisheries provide employment to 14 million fishers—but today the highly dispersed and unorganised sector is calling out for appropriate tools to create good database to enable better planning. It is envisaged that the national policy on inland fisheries should strike a balance between aquaculture and various enhancement practices to achieve higher fish productivity, environmental sustainability and social equity.
The role of fish in the nutritional security of India is perceptible from the fact that poultry consumption in the country is 1 kg broiler meat against fish consumption of 9.8 kg/caput/annum (CSO-MFS 2011‘Manual on Fishery Statistics’; Ayyappan, S., et al., 2009, ‘Fishery resources in the context of nutritional security in India’, Indian Farming). The annual export earnings from 8.13 lakh tonne of fish and shell fish are about Rs 129 billion in 2011-12 accounting for 18 per cent of...