By Dipanjan Ghosh and Sreeparna Ghosh
The authors are free lance writers based in Bardhaman, West Bengal. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bioplastic is an important and exciting new field in biotechnology which promises to help in saving the environment and slow down the depletion of non renewable resources. Bioplastics may be derived from biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, pea starch etc., rather than fossil fuel plastics which are derived from petroleum. However not all bioplastics are designed to biodegrade.
Plastic’ is the collective name for synthetic or semi-synthetic organic materials that is today inextricably related to everyone’s life. The origin of the term ‘plastic’ is not known with certainty - perhaps it is Greek for ‘plastikos’ meaning ‘fit for moulding’ or from ‘plastos’ meaning ‘moulded’. Plastics consist of long chain molecules (amorphous solids) or polymers of high molecular mass which do not break apart when flexed and are easily shaped and moulded with heat or pressure. During manufacture of...