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Housing for India’s Urban Population

India has been witness to an urban revolution in the past century. While mere 26 million people lived in cities in 1901, the numbers have increased to 377 million in 2011 (Census Commissioner, 2011). In the decade between the census of 2001 and 2011, reasons for the growth of urbanisation in India were listed as natural population growth at 44 per cent, reclassification of towns at 29.5 per cent, rural to urban migration at 22.2 per cent and expansion of existing urban boundary at 4.3 per cent (Sreevatsan, 2017). Housing shortage in urban India However, tied in with this growing rate of urbanisation has been a rapidly growing problem of housing in urban areas. In 2012, the beginning of the Twelfth Plan Period, the Technical Group on Urban Housing Shortage appointed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA) found that the total shortage of houses in urban...

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