By Babula Jena, The author is Scientist at National Centre for Antarctic and Oceanic Research, Goa.
Issue - Deep Sea Exploration
Date - 16th August 2018
Phytoplankton constitute the primary link in the food web of marine life and are a provider of oxygen. Satellite observations using remote sensing data has proved useful in identifying pockets of phytoplankton bloom, especially in the Southern Ocean.
The oceanic phytoplankton play an important role in linking the Southern Ocean pelagic ecosystem to the global biogeochemical cycle and modulating climate change. Phytoplankton is the base of the oceanic food web, supplying organic matter for all other organisms in the marine environment. They are responsible for contributing more than 50 per cent of the oxygen in the world’s atmosphere that we utilise for breathing. Even though the oceanic phytoplankton account for less than 1 per cent of the photosynthetic...