By Srinivas Goli
The author is Research Scholar, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai. firstname.lastname@example.org
Health is a critical dimension of human development as outlined in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, India is still grappling with the persistent rural - urban divide. The nation today urgently need to strengthen the country’s rural health infrastructure to better its health status beyond the middle and upper classes of society.
It was nearly four decades ago that economist Michael Lipton brought to the fore the concept of an urban bias in the process of development, noting ‘the spatial differences or inequalities in poverty between urban and rural areas’. He also highlighted that although domination of the urban class could be seen along many dimensions, it was perhaps most importantly manifested in the form of state health resource allocation that favoured urban priorities at the expense of national equity and efficiency...