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The State and Industries: A Fetid Nexus

Constitutional mandates make the Indian state the guardian of the environment. Through various environmental laws and norms, industries are to be strictly regulated to ensure that people can enjoy the basic rights to a clean environment. In an ideal situation, industries would provide for the growth of the economy and generate employment, while the State would oversee the conditions of operation so the environment is not harmed. However, for a long time, both State and industries have colluded to bypass the norms that are meant to protect the environment. The culmination of this has been in the form of extreme degradation of environment, escalated agitation and loss of human lives. Environment and the Indian State How far does the State put an emphasis on its duty to pay due consideration to the environment while framing policies? Do citizens enjoy the fundamental right to a clean and healthy environment as the...

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