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Women Migration and Work Complexities in Labour Market Participation

Human mobility, when conceived under the ‘push-pull’ paradigm of migration to urban areas is essentially centred on economic aspects. As conventional bread earners, such ‘push-pull’ perspective depicts men’s dominance in migration studies – leaving behind or wholly ignoring women who are summarily clubbed as associational/dependent migrants, moving to urban areas on account of marriage or simply following their men folk for family reunion, often ignoring their working status, if any (Agrawal, 2006). However, an increased participation of women in urban labour market is observed—especially with the opening up of various opportunities for them in health, education, other service sectors or as domestic helpers, child care and full-time caretakers (Raghuram, 2001; Ghosh, 2002). Thus, migration provides women with various work opportunities that were hitherto not familiar. The basic argument that runs through this article is that urban women’s migration is not entirely dependent on men as has often been preconceived. Even...

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