Migration | VOL. 11, ISSUE 69, November-December 2011

Migration

Migration involves spatial mobility of people from one well defined administrative unit be it village, town/city, district, state and country to another. However, movement within the same village or city is not migration; but simply relocation of residence. Also, people may move due to pilgrimage or pleasure trips, but that is not migration either, as these movements are purpose oriented with no intention of settling down in the new place. Broadly therefore, migration may be defined as a change of residence from one administrative unit to another with the intention of settling permanently or semi-permanently. In India, two main sources of migration data are Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation. Both these sources have adopted specific criteria in defining migration. The Census of India, that covers the entire population, has defined migration from two perspectives. Place of birth: If a person lives in a different place from his place of birth during the census enumeration, he is considered a migrant. Census 2001 records about 307 million persons as migrants of which 6.1 million, about 2 per cent, were international migrants, by this approach. Place of last residence: A person is considered as migrant by place of last residence, if the place in which he is enumerated during the Census is other than his place of immediate last residence. This definition gives an estimate...

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