Urbanization | VOL. 12, ISSUE 73, July-August 2012

Regional Approach to Municipal Solid Waste Management

Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is a major concern for muni-cipalities in the absence of trained manpower and adequate financial sources. Despite an overarching responsibility for MSWM, most municipalities are unable to provide a proper system to tackle the situation. Municipal agencies spend about 5-25 per cent of their budget on MSWM and yet the present level of service in many urban areas is so low that there is a threat to public health in particular and the environment in general. Most of the MSW generated in Indian cities and towns is being disposed of in unsanitary landfills or open dumps. Under such circumstances, regional MSWs has received considerable attention in recent times due to its high likelihood of success. The Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rule 2000 was notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. These rules make every municipal authority responsible for the implementation of the various provisions within its territorial area and also to develop an effective infrastructure for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of MSW. Following are its mandatory requirements - MSW to be disposed in engineered landfills and never in open or unsanitary dumps; sanitary landfills are essential for the disposal of waste and unused residue from processing plant or other facilities in the absence of further processing or recycling; landfill site of...

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